Herbal medicines are the traditional medicine resources in China, with unique advantages. Medicinal plant resources are widely distributed in China. More than 50% of anticancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are extracted from terrestrial plants , indicating that herbal medicines are important in the development of anticancer drugs. (1)
Herbal medicine has been used as part of combined therapies to reduce the side‑effects of chemotherapy, including bone marrow suppression, nausea and vomiting. Herbal remedies have also been used as chemopreventive therapies to treat precancerous conditions in order to reduce the incidence of cancer in high‑risk populations. Emerging evidence has revealed that herbal remedies can regulate the proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion and migration of cancer cells. In addition to this direct effect upon cancer cells, a number of herbal remedies have been identified to suppress angiogenesis and therefore reduce tumour growth. The inhibition of tumour growth may also be due to modifications of the host immune system by the herbal treatment (2).
- Fort, R. S., Trinidad Barnech, J. M., Dourron, J., Colazzo, M., Aguirre-Crespo, F. J., Duhagon, M. A., & Álvarez, G. (2018). Isolation and Structural Characterization of Bioactive Molecules on Prostate Cancer from Mayan Traditional Medicinal Plants. Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland), 11(3), 78. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph11030078
- Y e, L., Jia, Y., Ji, K., Sanders, A.J., Xue, K., Ji, J. … Jiang, W.G. (2015). Traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of cancer and cancer metastasis (Review). Oncology Letters, 10, 1240-1250. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2015.3459